Often flats happen at the least appropriate moments. Inevitably, it’s when you have to get the kids to school or when you’re on your way to a job interview. Maybe your car has no spare at all, but instead carries a tire repair kit. Roadside assistance plans from carmakers can also save you from these types of trouble. But in spite of all that you might someday have to tackle the roadside tire change. For this, following is the step by step solution for you:
Steps for changing a Flat Tire
- Get Immediately to a safe spot
Let suppose a situation when you are driving your car and suddenly hear a loud voice of a dead tire. So in that very situation, carefully pull off from road. Before opening the door check carefully that no other vehicle is coming behind you then get out of the car and inspect the tire.
- Find your spare tire and jack
The first step is to find your car’s spare tire and jack. The spare tire is almost always located under the floor mat in the trunk and in other vehicles such as Pajero, Pickup it is hanged on the back side.Next step will involve removing the flat tire; make sure that the car is in “Static” position(or in gear if it has a manual transmission). Apply the emergency brake. The car should be parked on a flat surface. Do not attempt to change a flat if the car is on a slope or is at some unbalanced site.
- Untie the wheel screws
Use the tire iron (the L-shaped bar that fits over the wheel lugs) to loosen each wheel lug. The wheel lugs are almost certainly very tight. You’ll have to use heavy force for Loosen them by turning them counterclockwise.At this point, you don’t have to actually remove the lugs rather you just have to loose them. Once it is done, move the jack under the car. If you don’t know where the proper jacking points are, look them up in the owner’s manual.
- Jack the car upwards
Move the jack under the jack point and start to raise the jack. Most car jacks these days are a screw-type scissor jack, which means you simply turn the knob at the end of the jack, using the provided metal hand crank. Raise the jack until it contacts the car’s frame. Continue expanding the jack. Raise the car with the jack until the flat tire is completely raised off the ground.
Now it’s time to remove the wheel lugs completely. Depending on how tight the lugs are, you might be able to remove them by hand. Set the lugs aside in a secure location where they can’t roll away. Next, remove the flat tire and set it aside in a secure location also.
- Install the spare
Now position the spare tire over the wheel studs. This is the most important part of the whole process. You’ll have to hold up the tire and try to line up the holes in the wheel with the sticky wheel studs located on the brake hub. One trick that might help is to balance the tire on foot while you move it into position. You should jack the car a little higher than you had it in order to fit the new tire on, since the flat tire will have been lower than a fully inflated one. After this screw each of the wheel lugs back on. Use the tire iron to accomplish this task
- Lower the car and tighten the wheel lugs completely
Once the spare tire has been successfully installed, carefully lower the jack. Pull the jack away from the vehicle. The final step is to tighten down the lugs completely. The reason you tighten the lugs now is because the tire is on the ground and it won’t rotate around as it would if it were still hanging in the air.